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Paphos (pā´fŏs), two ancient cities, SW Cyprus, on the coast. Old Paphos was probably founded in the Mycenaean period by colonists from Greece or Phoenicia. Modern excavations have revealed ruins dating from 3000 BC New Paphos was 10 mi (16 km) to the northwest. An important seaport, it was the capital of Cyprus from the middle of the Hellenistic period until the time of Constantine.

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Paphian of or relating to Paphos, a Cypriot city held to be the birthplace of Aphrodite or Venus and formerly sacred to her; Paphian in literary use can thus mean relating to love and sexual desire, and the goddess may be referred to as the Paphian Goddess or Paphian Queen.