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most / mōst/ • adj. & pron. 1. superlative of many, much. 2. greatest in amount or degree: [as adj.] they've had the most success | [as pron.] they had the most to lose. ∎  the majority of; nearly all of: [as adj.] most oranges are sweeter than these. | [as pron.] I spent most of the winter on the coast. • adv. 1. superlative of much. 2. to the greatest extent: the things he most enjoyed what she wanted most of all. ∎  forming the superlative of adjectives and adverbs, esp. those of more than one syllable: the most important event of my life sandy plains where fire tends to spread most quickly. 3. extremely; very: it was most kind of you that is most probably correct. 4. inf. almost: most everyone understood. PHRASES: at (the) most not more than: the walk took four minutes at the most. be the most inf. be the best of all; be the ultimate. for the most part in most cases; usually: the older members, for the most part, shun him. make the most of use to the best advantage: he was eager to make the most of his visit. ∎  represent at its best: how to make the most of your features.

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Most

Most (môst), Ger. Brüx, city (1991 pop. 70,670), NW Czech Republic, in Bohemia, near the German border. It is a railway junction and industrial city in a lignite-mining area. Chemicals, steel, and ceramics are the major products of Most. The city, whose history dates at least to the 11th cent., has several medieval churches and an old town hall. The city was relocated in the 1960s due to an expansion of the coalfields.

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most

most greatest OE.; greatest amount of XIV; adv. in the greatest degree OE. The present form repr. partly OE. māst, which is recorded only from late Nhb., partly a modification of ME. mēst, OE. mǣst, by assim. to MORE; OE. māst = OS. mēst (Du. meest), (O)HG. meist, ON. mestr, Goth. maists :- Gmc. *maistaz, f. base of *maiz (see MORE) + *-ista- -EST.
Hence mostly XVI.

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most

mostboast, coast, ghost, host, most, oast, post, roast, toast •backmost • headmost • leftmost •endmost • midmost • hindmost •rightmost • topmost • foremost •almost • northernmost • downmost •outmost • southernmost • upmost •utmost • rearmost • lowermost •undermost • innermost • uppermost •aftermost •centremost (US centermost) •westernmost • easternmost •bottommost • outermost • uttermost •nethermost • furthermost •lamp post • bedpost • gatepost •Freepost • impost • guidepost •milepost • signpost • doorpost •outpost • goalpost • newel post •fingerpost • sternpost

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MOST

MOST (mɒst) Electronics metal-oxide-silicon (or -semiconductor) transistor
• Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope

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Most

MOST

MOST (Ger. Bruex ), city in N.W. Bohemia, Czechoslovakia (town no longer exists). A Jewish moneylender is recorded in Most in 1393; there was a Jewish street situated near the monastery in the 14th century. When the Jews were expelled in 1453 most of them settled in *Litomerice. One Jew was allowed to settle in Most in 1839, and after 1848 some Jews from the surrounding villages moved to the city. There were 15 Jews in 1861, when a congregation was established; the synagogue was dedicated in 1872. Some of the rabbis of Most later became eminent: Alexander *Kisch (1874–77), Joseph Samuel *Bloch (1877–79), and Gotthard *Deutsch (1884–91). In 1930 there were 662 Jews in Most (2.4% of the total population). The community owed its importance and affluence to the development of lignite mining by the *Petschek and Weimann firms. During the Sudeten crisis the community dispersed, and the synagogue was destroyed on Nov. 10, 1938. The congregation was reestablished in 1945, mainly by Jews from *Subcarpathian Ruthenia, under the administration of the *Usti nad Labem community. In 1975 Most was evacuated to make way for open-cut mining and ceased to exist. The German-Jewish poet Yermiyahu Oskar Neumann (1894–1981), subsequently of Be'er Toviyyah, Israel, was born in Most.

bibliography:

M. Halberstam, in: H. Gold (ed.), Die Juden und Judengemeinden Boehmens (1934), 70–77; J.C. Pick, in: Jews of Czechoslovakia, 1 (1968), 374–5; R. Iltis (ed.), Die aussaeen unter Traenen… (1959), 25; G. Deutsch, Scrolls, 2 (1917), 321–40; Bondy-Dworský nos. 180–1, 191, 194–5, 198, 200, 202–8, 214, 216–7, 229, 234, 236–8, 240, 246–7, 254, 266, 271, 277. add. bibliography: J. Fiedler, Jewish Sights of Bohemia and Moravia (1991), 194.

[Jan Herman]

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