chimney

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

chimney.
1. Fireplace or hearth.

2. Fireplace with flue and vent over it, so including the structure rising above a roof or outside the building. A chimney-stack could be a large structure surrounded by a timber-framed building, where it helped to stabilize the structure as well as providing heat, could be erected over the gable-end, or placed in series along a façade, as in a medieval hospital or almshouse (e.g. St John's Hospital, Lichfield, Staffs. (late C15), with its array of stacks). In Elizabethan and Jacobethan prodigy-houses chimney-stacks contributed to the complex skylines of the composition.

The following terms are associated with chimneys: fireplace (opening of a chimney into a room, whether decorated or not); gathering (part of the flue that contracts with the ascent); hearth (floor of the fireplace); and inglenook (small space beside the chimney, often containing seats, sometimes illuminated by means of a small window, and occasionally having a lower ceiling than in the rest of the room, hence its other name, roofed ingle).

views updated

chim·ney / ˈchimnē/ • n. (pl. -neys) a vertical channel or pipe that conducts smoke and combustion gases up from a fire or furnace and typically through the roof of a building. ∎  the part of such a structure that extends above the roof. ∎  a glass tube that protects the flame of a lamp. ∎  a steep narrow cleft by which a rock face may be climbed. ORIGIN: Middle English (denoting a fireplace or furnace): from Old French cheminee ‘chimney, fireplace,’ from late Latin caminata, perhaps from camera caminata ‘room with a fireplace,’ from Latin caminus ‘forge, furnace,’ from Greek kaminos ‘oven.’

views updated

chimneyblini, cine, Finney, finny, Ginny, guinea, hinny, mini, Minnie, ninny, pinny, Pliny, shinny, skinny, spinney, tinny, whinny •kidney, Sidney, Sydney •chimney •jitney, Whitney •Disney •aborigine, polygeny, polygyny •androgyny, homogeny, misogyny, progeny •Gemininiminy-piminy, Rimini •dominie, hominy, Melpomene •ignominy • Panini • larceny • telecine •satiny • destiny • mountainy •mutiny, scrutiny •briny, Heine, liny, piny, shiny, spiny, tiny, whiny •sunshiny •Bonnie, bonny, Connie, johnny, Lonnie, Ronnie, Suwannee •Rodney •Cockney, Procne •Romney • Novotný • Grozny •brawny, corny, horny, lawny, mulligatawny, scrawny, tawny, thorny •Orkney • Courtney •brownie, browny, downy, townie

views updated

chimney †fireplace; †stove; smoke-flue. XIV. — (O)F. cheminée fireplace, chimney — late L. camīnāta, perh. orig. for camera camīnāta (whence OHG. kamināta, (M)HG. kemenāte) room with a fireplace, f. camīnus — Gr. kámīnos oven, furnace, rel. to kamárā CHAMBER.