Charterhouse

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Charterhouse archaic term for a Carthusian monastery; in the UK, Charterhouse is now the name of a charitable institution, later a public school, founded on the site of the Carthusian monastery in London (later moved to Godalming, Surrey).

The name is recorded from late Middle English, and comes ultimately from (Old) French Chartreuse (from medieval Latin Carthusia), with assimilation of the second element to house.

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Charterhouse [Fr.,=Chartreuse], in London, England, once a Carthusian monastery (founded 1371), later a hospital for old men and then a school for boys, endowed in 1611. The school, which became a large public school, was removed (1872) to Godalming, Surrey. W. M. Thackeray, a pupil at the school, describes it in The Newcomes.

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Charterhouse. Carthusian monastery, Certosa, or Chartreuse (French).