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Üsküdar

ÜSKÜDAR

The oldest and largest district of Asian Istanbul.

Situated across the Bosporus from the walled city of Constantinople, Üsküdar was called Chrysopolis in ancient times and Scutari in the Byzantine era. In the period of Ottoman rule, Üsküdar became more integrated into the life of the capital city, as it became the center of several dervish orders and tekkes, military barracks, and, in the nineteenth century, textile and other factories. In the 1860s, it was formally incorporated into the municipal government of Constantinople (now Istanbul). It was in Üsküdar that Florence Nightingale set up her famed hospital during the Crimean War (18531856). And in the late nineteenth century, Russian Turks established the first center of Turkic studies in the empire in an Üsküdar tekke. The district, known for its fine gardens, in recent years has become a large residential quarter of the city with a population over 200,000.

see also tekke.


Bibliography


Shaw, Stanford J., and Shaw, Ezel Kural. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Vol. 2: Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey, 18081975. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

elizabeth thompson

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Üsküdar

Üsküdar (üskü´där) or Scutari (skōō´tərē), urban district, part of İstanbul, Turkey, on the Asian side of the Bosporus. It is a commercial and industrial center. Known as Chrysopolis in ancient times, it enjoyed its greatest prosperity after the Ottoman conquest (15th cent.). As the gateway to Constantinople (İstanbul), it was embellished with many mosques, caravansaries, and other public buildings. During the Crimean War, Üsküdar was a base (1854–56) of the British army and the site of the military hospital made famous by the work of Florence Nightingale.

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