Sivas Conference (1919)

views updated May 18 2018


Convened (411 September 1919) to resist plans of the Triple Entente to dismember the Ottoman Empire; a significant step in the progression of events leading to the Turkish revolution.

The official communiqué issued by the Sivas Conference was the first Turkish declaration against the partitioning of lands under Ottoman sovereignty that had taken place when the Mudros Armistice was signed. The same document summoned the sultan to call for a general election and announced the creation of the Association for the Defense of the Rights of Anatolia and Rumelia, whose Representative Committee was designated to act as a provisional government in Anatolia until May 1920.

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