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inulin A polysaccharide in which about 32 beta-fructose units are joined in a chain by glycosidic (see GLYCOSIDE) linkages between the first and second carbon atoms on neighbouring sugar units. Each chain is initiated by a sucrose residue. Inulin is found as a storage compound, especially in the roots, rhizomes, and tubers of many members of the family Compositae.
inulin (in-yoo-lin) n. a carbohydrate with a high molecular weight that is filtered from the bloodstream by the kidneys. i. clearance a test of kidney function in which inulin is injected into the blood. By measuring the amount that appears in the urine over a given period, it is possible to calculate how much filtrate the kidneys are producing.
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