Skip to main content
Select Source:

Kumbha Mela

Kumbha Mela

Important Hindu religious festival held every 12 years at the appropriate planetary conjunction; an Ardh-Kumbha (half-Kumbha) is held midway between the major Kumbha festivals. Kumbha is equivalent to the sign Aquarius, and the festival is calculated at the conjunction of Jupiter, Aquarius, Aries, and the sun. The festival takes place at either Hardwar, Allahabad, Ujjain, or Nasik. In 1977 the festival was at Allahabad, an especially holy place where the sacred river Ganges merges with the Jamuna and the Saraswati.

Ritual bathing by pilgrims is a special feature of the festival, which originated in ancient times as an occasion for spiritual instruction from great sages and yogis. Some two million pilgrims attend the festival to visit wandering holy men and yogis from all over India. The festival is divided into different camps relating to individual Hindu sects and subsects.

The Indian government has provided sanitary facilities and a system of barricades to prevent accidents caused by vast crowd movements. Kumbha Mela is one of the most colorful mass festivals of India, a kind of nongenerational super-Woodstock of the spiritual life.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kumbha Mela." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Kumbha Mela." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kumbha-mela

"Kumbha Mela." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kumbha-mela

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Kumbh Mela

Kumbh Mela a Hindu festival and assembly, held once every twelve years at four locations in India, at which pilgrims bathe in the waters of the Ganges and Jumna Rivers. The name comes from Sanskrit, meaning literally ‘pitcher festival’.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kumbh Mela." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Kumbh Mela." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kumbh-mela

"Kumbh Mela." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved February 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kumbh-mela

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.