City southwest of Constantine in northeastern Algeria.
Setif is located at the site of the ancient Roman city of Sitifis. Near Setif in 1152 the Almohads defeated the Banu Hilal tribe. The city declined during the Ottoman Empire. During France's colonial administration, the city was the site of bloody riots and retributions (the Setif Revolt) in May 1945, which galvanized Algerian nationalism. The estimated population in 1998 was 212,000.
Abun-Nasr, Jamil M. A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
phillip c. naylor
Sétif (sātēf´), ancient Sitifis, city (1998 pop. 211,859), capital of Sétif prov., NE Algeria. It is the commercial center of a region where native textiles and phosphates are manufactured and cereals are grown. Sétif was built by the French on the ruins of the Roman town of Sitifis, founded in the 1st cent. AD In 1945, more than 100 Europeans were killed in a revolt against French rule; it resulted in a bloody reprisal in which more than 6,000 Muslims died. There is a Roman mausoleum on the outskirts of the city.