guide / gīd/ • n. 1. a person who advises or shows the way to others: this lady is going to act as our guide for the rest of the tour. ∎ a professional mountain climber in charge of a group.2. a thing that helps someone to form an opinion or make a decision or calculation: here is a guide to the number of curtain hooks you will need. ∎ a principle or standard of comparison: as a guide, there are roughly six glasses to a bottle. ∎ a book, document, or display providing information on a subject or about a place: a guide to baby and toddler care.3. a structure or marking that directs the motion or positioning of something: the guides for the bolt needed straightening.4. a soldier, vehicle, or ship whose position determines the movements of others.• v. 1. [tr.] show or indicate the way to (someone): he guided her to the front row and sat beside her. ∎ [tr.] direct the motion or positioning of (something): the groove in the needle guides the thread.2. [tr.] direct or have an influence on the course of action of (someone or something): he guided the team to a second successive win in the tournament.DERIVATIVES: guid·a·ble adj.guid·er n.
- Akela leader of wolfpack. [Br. Lit.: The Jungle Books ]
- Anchises Aeneas’ guide in Elysium. [Rom. Lit.: Aeneid ]
- Anubis “Pathfinder”; conducted dead to judgment before Osiris. [Egyptian Myth.: Jobes, 105]
- Baedeker series of guidebooks for travelers. [Travel: NCE, 207]
- Beatrice Dante’s beloved’s soul; directs him in Paradise. [Ital. Lit.: Divine Comedy, Magill I, 211–213]
- Cumaean sibyl famous prophetess; leads Aeneas through underworld. [Rom. Lit.: Aeneid ]
- dolphin transported blessed souls to islands of dead. [Gk. and Rom. Myth.: Appleton, 31]
- Jack the Porpoise led ships through treacherous strait off New Zealand. [Br. Hist.: Wallechinsky, 128]
- Judas goat a goat used to lead sheep to slaughter. [Eur. Culture: Misc.]
- lighthouse at Pharos 400 ft. tall; beacon visible 300 miles at sea. [World Hist.: Wallechinsky, 257]
- Palinurus pilot of Aeneas. [Rom. Lit.: Aeneid ]
- pillar of cloud, pillar of fire Jehovah leads way to promised land. [O.T.: Exodus 13:21–22]
- star of Bethlehem guiding light to Jesus for the Magi. [Christian Symbolism: N.T.: Matthew, 2:9]
- Tiphys pilot of the Argonauts. [Rom. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 1085]
- Vergil Dante’s guide in Hell and Purgatory. [Ital. Lit.: Divine Comedy, Magill I 211–213]
A continually benevolent, protective, ethereal influence acting through mediums in Spiritualist séances. The term is more comprehensive than control, as the latter may apply to any chance communicator who gets through. The guide usually delivers lofty philosophical or religious instruction beyond the normal intellectual capacity of the medium. It may operate while the medium is either awake or in trance.
A number of claimed guides have been Native Americans; others have Greek or similarly impressive names, often un-traceable. Since the 1950s, some guides have claimed to be from outer space or from planets known to be uninhabited. Some are clearly fictional entities, but acceptance of their claims may result in remarkable and sometimes verifiable communications.
Since the New Age occult revival of the 1980s, there has been a widespread renewal of interest in the teachings of trance personalities under the general term channeling.
So guide sb. XIV. — (O)F. guide — It. guida.