Karpov, Anatoly (1951– ) Russian chess player. In 1975 he became world champion by default after Bobby Fischer failed to play. Karpov successfully defending his title against Victor Korchnoi (1978, 1981). In 1985 he was defeated by Gary Kasparov. Karpov suffered further defeats against Kasparov (1986, 1987, 1990) before Kasparov formed his own chess federation and forfeited the FIDE title (1993–99) to him.
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