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Pierre, Abbé

Abbé Pierre (äbā´ pyĕr), 1912–2007, French priest and social activist, b. Lyons as Henri Antoine Grouès. Renouncing a wealthy inheritance to become a Capuchin monk in 1931, he left the monastery and was ordained a priest in 1938. He served (1939–40) in the French army during World War II and was active (1942–44) in the Resistance, for which he was awarded the Legion of Honor; during the war, he adopted the nom de guerre Abbé Pierre. After the war he served (1945–1951) as a deputy in the national assembly and began his efforts to fight extreme poverty, which led to the founding (1969–71) of Emmaus International. He was renowned for his willingness to confront authorities in defense of the poor, returning his Legion of Honor to focus attention on their plight and famously making (1954) a radio plea for help for the homeless that galvanized France. He was later awarded the Legion of Honor for his human rights work.

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Conefroy, Abbé Pierre

Conefroy, Abbé Pierre (1752–1816). French-Canadian Vicar-General for the Montréal region of the Diocese of Québec. He devised a standardized plan for churches, based on mid-C17 prototypes, in which the apsidal chancel was narrower than the nave, and transeptal chapels were provided. The gabled west front was pierced by a central door, with a smaller door on each side, and single or twin clochers were provided. Good examples of his work are the Churches of Ste-Marguerite, L'Acadie, Québec (1800–1), and Ste-Famille, Boucherville (1801). Such conservative (even backward-looking) architecture emphasized cultural and religious identity.

Bibliography

Kalman (1994)

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