Vincent de Gournay

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Wallace, (William) Vincent

Wallace, (William) Vincent, Irish violinist, organist, and composer; b. Waterford, March 11, 1812; d. Château de Bagen, Haute- Garonne, France, Oct. 12, 1865. The son of a bandmaster, Wallace was brought up in a musical atmosphere. He was 13 when the family moved to Dublin. He soon entered a professional career, playing violin in theater orchs. and organ in churches. One of his earliest compositions was The Harp in the Air, which later became famous when he incorporated it into his opera Maritana. In 1831 he married Isabella Kelly. He applied himself to the study of violin, and subsequently was able to give successful concerts. With his wife he traveled in Australia, South America, Mexico, and the U.S. Returning to Europe in 1844, he toured Germany; in 1845 he was in London, where he produced his opera Maritana (Drury Lane, Nov. 15, 1845), which obtained excellent success; it was followed by another opera, Matilda of Hungary (Drury Lane, Feb. 2, 1847), which was a failure. About 1850 he “married” the American pianist Hélène Stoepel, declaring his first marriage invalid; she made appearances as Mrs. Wallace from 1851. From 1850 to 1853 he visited South and North America. His other operas include Lurline (1847; Covent Garden, Feb. 23, 1860), The Maid of Zürich (unpubl.), The Amber Witch (Haymarket, Feb. 28, 1861), Love’s Triumph (Covent Garden, Nov. 3, 1862), and The Desert Flower (Covent Garden, Oct. 12, 1863); he also wrote the opera Estrella (unfinished) and the operettas Guiñare and Olga. Other works include the cantata Maypole, a Violin Concerto, and numerous piano pieces.

Bibliography

A. Pougin, W.V. W.: Étude biographique et critique (Paris, 1866); W. Flood, W.V. W.: A Memoir (Waterford, 1912); R. Phelan, W.V W.: A Vagabond Composer (Waterford, Ireland, 1994).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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Wallace, (William) Vincent (b Waterford, 1812; d Château de Haget, nr. Vieuzos, 1865). Irish composer. Played org. and vn. as boy. Led orch. in Dublin th. Emigrated to Australia 1835, opening music coll. in Sydney (which failed) and then touring as violinist and pianist in Chile, Argentina, Cuba, and USA, where he was lionized. Returned to London 1845 where he composed successful opera Maritana. Operas Lurline (1847) and The Amber Witch (1861) were successful, as was his pf. mus.

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Vincent de Gournay (văNsäN´ də gōōrnā´), 1712–59, French economist, precursor of the physiocrats and of Adam Smith. A wealthy merchant, he was in government service as intendant of commerce from 1751 to 1758. He translated and annotated the chief work of Josiah Child (see under Child, Sir John and gathered around him a group of men interested in reforming the economy of France and in abolishing trade restrictions. His favorite phrase was Laissez faire, laissez passer, and he is generally credited with being its originator. Unlike the physiocrats, he regarded industry and commerce as well as agriculture to be important sources of wealth.

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Vincent personal forename of two saints.
St Vincent de Paul (1581–1660), French priest. He devoted his life to work among the poor and the sick and established institutions to continue his work, including the Congregation of the Mission (1625) and the Daughters of Charity (Sisters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul) (1633). His feast day is 19 July.
St Vincent of Saragossa (d. 304), Spanish deacon and martyr, said to have been tortured on a gridiron, who was the centre of a widespread early cult. He is typically shown either with a palm as a sign of being a deacon, or with a gridiron. His feast day is 22 January, and his emblems are a vine, a palm, and a gridiron.