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Lewis, Sir Arthur

Sir Arthur Lewis (Sir William Arthur Lewis), 1915–91, British economist, b. St. Lucia. A graduate (1940) of the London School of Economics, he was later a professor of economics at the Univ. of Manchester (1948–58) and at Princeton (1963–83). A specialist in the economic theory of developing countries, he shared the 1979 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with American Theodore W. Schultz. Among his most important books are The Theory of Economic Growth (1955), Development Planning (1966), and Growth and Fluctuations, 1870–1913 (1978).

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Gielgud, Sir (Arthur) John

Gielgud, Sir (Arthur) John (1904–2000) British stage and film actor and director. He played almost every major Shakespearian role, and appeared in The Importance of Being Earnest (1930, 1939) and The Cherry Orchard (1961). He achieved popular success in many films, such as Arthur (1981), for which he won an Oscar, Gandhi (1982), The Shooting Party (1985) and Prospero's Books (1991). He was knighted in 1953.

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