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Everest, Mount

Everest, Mount (Nepalese Sagarmatha; Tibetan Chomo-Langma, Mother Goddess of the World) World's highest mountain, in the central Himalayas on the borders of Tibet and Nepal. It is named after George Everest, first surveyor general of India. It was first climbed on May 29, 1953, by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. Height: 8850m (29,035ft).

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Everest, Sir George

Sir George Everest (ĕv´ərəst), 1790–1866, British surveyor, b. Breconshire, Wales. He worked on the trigonometrical survey of India from 1806 to 1843. He became superintendent of the survey in 1823 and surveyor general of India in 1830; Mt. Everest is named for him. He was knighted in 1861.

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Everest, Mount

Everest, Mount a mountain in the Himalayas, on the border between Nepal and Tibet. Rising to 8,848 m (29,028 ft), it is the highest mountain in the world; it was first climbed in 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay.

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Everest, Mount

Mount Everest, peak, 29,029 ft (8,848 m) high (as officially recognized by China and Nepal; rock height only, 29,016 ft/8,844 m), on the border of Tibet and Nepal, in the central Himalayas. It is the highest elevation in the world. In 1999 American climbers using GPS measured the Everest's total height at 29,035 ft (8,850 m), but that measurement has not been accepted by Nepal or China. Called Chomolungma or Qomolangma [Mother Goddess of the Land] by Tibetans and Sagarmatha [head of the sea] by Nepalis, it is named in English for the surveyor Sir George Everest. It was first climbed on May 28, 1953, when Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal reached the summit. The body of George H. L. Mallory, who died in an earlier attempt (1924), was found on the mountain in 1999.

See S. B. Ortner, Life and Death on Mt. Everest (1999); W. Davis, Into the Silence: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest (2011).

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