Sir Julian Sorell Huxley

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Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, 1887–1975, English biologist and writer, educated at Oxford; grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, brother of Aldous Huxley, and half-brother of Sir Andrew Huxley. He taught at the Rice Institute, Houston, Tex. (1912–16), at Oxford (1919–25), and at King's College, London (1925–35). During those years and subsequently, as secretary (1935–42) of the Zoological Society of London, he was also president of the National Union of Scientific Workers (1926–29). From 1946 to 1948 he served as director-general of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. A gifted exponent of science, his writings include Animal Biology (with J. B. S. Haldane, 1927), Scientific Research and Social Needs (1934), We Europeans (with A. C. Haddon, 1936), The Living Thoughts of Darwin (1939), Man in the Modern World (1947), Heredity, East and West (1949), and Memories (2 vol., 1971 and 1974). Also, he edited T. H. Huxley's Diary of the Voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake (1935), The New Systematics (1940), and The Humanist Frame (1962).

See biography by J. R. Baker (1978).

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Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell (1887–1975) English biologist, grandson of Thomas Huxley, his researches were chiefly on the behaviour of birds and other animals in relation to evolution. Huxley's books include The Individual in the Animal Kingdom (1911) and Evolutionary Ethics (1943).