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Cameronians

Cameronians. Known as the ‘Society people’ until 1690, these covenanters of south-west Scotland followed the extensive field preaching of Richard Cameron (1648–80) and Donald Cargill (c.1627–1681). After Cameron was killed in battle and Cargill hanged for publicly defying Charles II with excommunication, the various dissident societies combined to speak against the Test Act and to forbid listening to presbyterians who had responded to the Declaration of Indulgence (1672). After 1690 they raised the prestigious Cameronian regiment against James. Unlike other leading ministers, Cameronians refused to join the restored presbyterian Church of Scotland which they saw as Erastian, and finally became the free church (1876).

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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Cargill, Donald

Donald Cargill, 1619?–1681, Scottish Covenanter. He was a minister in Glasgow from c.1655 until 1662, when he was expelled for denouncing the Restoration and resisting the establishment of the episcopacy in Scotland. After escaping wounded from the battle of Bothwell Bridge (1679), he joined Richard Cameron in the Sanquhar Declaration (1680) against Charles II. Cargill, having excommunicated the king, the duke of York, and others, was arrested and executed.

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