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Martini, Giovanni (Battista)

Martini, Giovanni (Battista) [ Giambattista; known as ‘ Padre Martini’] (b Bologna, 1706; d Bologna, 1784). It. composer and theorist. Studied mus. and mathematics. Entered monastery 1721, but abandoned monastic life and returned to Bologna 1722. Choirmaster, S. Francesco, Bologna, 1725. Took minor orders 1725, ordained priest 1729 and devoted much time to scientific aspects of mus., amassing library of 17,000 books. Pupils incl. J. C. Bach, Grétry, Mozart, and Jommelli. Wrote church mus., instr. sonatas, and theoretical books.

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Martini, Giovanni (Paolo)

Martini, Giovanni (Paolo) ( Martini il Tedesco, ‘ Martini the German’; [ Schwarzendorf, Johann Paul Aegidius]) (b Freistadt, 1741; d Paris, 1816). Ger. organist and composer. After service with King Stanislaus, settled in France 1764, changing name to Martini. Held various court posts, was th. cond., and taught comp. at Paris Cons. 1800–2. Chief cond. royal court orch. 1814. Wrote operas, church mus., military mus., and songs, of which best-known is Plaisir d'amour.

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Martini, Giovanni Battista

Giovanni Battista Martini (jōvän´nē bät-tēs´tä märtē´nē), 1706–84, Italian composer and teacher, also known as Padre Martini. Martini became a priest in 1722. He acquired great prestige as a teacher, particularly of counterpoint. His students included J. C. Bach, Gluck, Grétry, and Mozart. Martini built up a vast library devoted to the historical, scientific, and mathematical aspects of music.

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