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Dohnányi, Ernö

Dohnányi, Ernö [ Ernst von Dohnányi] (b Pozsony, now Bratislava, 1877; d NY, 1960). Hung. composer, pianist, and conductor. Pianist of int. repute 1897–1908 (début Berlin 1897). London début 1898 (Beethoven G major conc. at Richter concert). Prof of pf., Berlin Hochschule, 1908–15. Dir. Budapest Cons. 1919. Dir. Hungarian radio 1931, Hochschule 1934. Cond. Budapest PO 1919–44. Salzburg Fest. début 1929. Settled in USA 1949 at Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, as prof. of pf. and comp. His mus. has nationalist flavour but much less than that of Bartók and Kodály. Prin. works:OPERAS: Tante Simona (Dresden 1913); The Tower of Voivod (Budapest 1922); The Tenor (Budapest 1929).ORCH.: sym. in D minor (1900–1), in E (1943–4, rev. 1953–6); pf. conc. No.1 (1897–8), No.2 (1946–7); vn. conc. No.1 (1914–15), No.2 (1949–50); Suite in F♯ minor (1908–9); Variations on a Nursery Song, pf., orch. (1913).CHAMBER MUSIC: 3 str. qts. (1899, 1906, 1926); 2 pf. quintets (1895, 1914); vc. sonata (1899); vn. sonata (1912); sextet (1935); Passacaglia, fl. (1959).PIANO: 4 Klavierstücke; 4 Rhapsodies, Variations, Passacaglia, and Ruralia Hungarica (1923, orch. 1924).

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Dohnányi, Ernst von

Ernst von Dohnányi (ĕrnst fən dō´nänyĬ), Hung. Ernő (ĕr´nö), 1877–1960, Hungarian composer, pianist, and conductor. He studied at the Royal Academy, Budapest (1894–97), and later became its director. As a pianist he toured successfully throughout Europe and the United States until 1908, when he became professor of piano at the Berlin Hochschule. He was permanent conductor of the Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra from 1919 to 1944 and became musical director of the Hungarian State Radio in 1931. After World War II, he left Hungary, settling (1949) in the United States, where he taught at Florida State Univ. until his death. He is best remembered for the suite Ruralia Hungarica (1924) for piano or orchestra, Variations on a Nursery Song (1913) for piano and orchestra, and American Rhapsody (1954) for orchestra. His grandson, Christoph von Dohnányi, 1929–, is a distinguished conductor who led orchestras in Europe before becoming conductor of the Cleveland Orchestra (1984–2002) and the Philharmonia of London (1997–).

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Dohnányi, Ernst (Ernö) von

Dohnányi, Ernst (Ernö) von (1877–1960) Hungarian composer, conductor, and pianist. Hungarian folk influences are evident, such as the piano suite Ruralia Hungarica (1926). He also composed operas, concertos and orchestral pieces.

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