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Ponchielli, Amilcare

Ponchielli, Amilcare (b Paderno, 1834; d Milan, 1886). It. composer. Org. at Cremona. First opera, I promessi sposi, prod. Cremona 1856 and in rev. version at Milan 1872. Comp. ballet and several operas of which only La Gioconda (Milan 1876) has held its place. Choirmaster Bergamo Cath., 1881. Taught comp. Milan Cons. from 1880, pupils incl. Puccini and Mascagni.

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Ponchielli, Amilcare

Amilcare Ponchielli (ämēlkä´rā pōngkyĕl´lē), 1834–86, Italian composer of several very successful operas. Only La Gioconda (1876), with libretto by Boito after Hugo's Angelo, is still performed.

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Ponchielli, Amilcare

Ponchielli, Amilcare

Ponchielli, Amilcare , celebrated Italian composer; b. Paderno Fasolaro, near Cremona, Aug. 31, 1834; d. Milan, Jan. 15, 1886. He studied with his father, a shopkeeper and organist at the village church, and entered the Milan Cons. as a non-paying student when he was 9; his mentors included Pietro Ray (theory), Arturo Angeleri (piano), Felice Frasi (composition), and Alberto Mazzucato (music history, aesthetics, and composition). While a student there he collaborated on the operetta Il sindaco babbeo (Milan Cons., March 1851) and also wrote the sym. Scena campestre (1852). After his graduation (1854), he went to Cremona as a church organist. He was named assistant to Ruggero Manna, director of Cremona’s Teatro Concordia (1855), where he brought out his opera I promessi sposi (Aug. 30, 1856). He was conductor of the municipal bands in Piacenza (1861–64) and Cremona (from 1864), where he also conducted opera; continued to pursue his interest in composing for the theater. He finally achieved notable success with the revised version of his I promessi sposi (Milan, Dec. 4, 1872), which was subsequently performed throughout Italy; his La Gioconda (Milan, April 8, 1876) secured his reputation. He was prof. of composition at the Milan Cons. in 1880 and again from 1881; also served as maestro di cappella at Bergamo’s S. Maria Maggiore (1881–86). He married Teresina Brambilla in 1874. His birthplace was renamed Paderno Ponchielli in his honor. La Gioconda remains his only work to have acquired repertoire status; it includes the famous ballet number Dance of the Hours. In addition to his numerous stage works, he composed many band pieces, vocal chamber music, chamber works, and piano pieces.

Bibliography

A. Mandelli, Le distrazioni di A. P. (Cremona, 1897); G. Cesari, A. P. nell’arte del suo tempo: Ricordi e carteggi (Cremona, 1934); U. Rolandi, Nel centenario ponchielliano: A. P. librettista (Corno, 1935); G. De Napoli, A. P. (1834–1886): La vita, le opere, l’epistolario, le onoranze (Cremona, 1936); A. Damerini, A. P. (Turin, 1940); N. Albarosa et al., eds., A. P. 1834–1886: Saggio e ricerche nel 1507 anniversario della nascità (Casalmorano, 1984); L. Sirch, Catalogo tematico delle musiche di A. P. (Cremona, 1989).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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