Sir Alfred Hitchcock
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Hitchcock, Sir Alfred
Hitchcock, Sir Alfred (1899–1980) English film director. His full debut was The Pleasure Garden (1925). His appearances as an extra, the thrilling chases, sinister mood and sudden shocks, greatly influenced the French nouvelle vague. The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) was an international success. After The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1938), Hitchcock left for Hollywood. Rebecca (1940) won an Academy Award for best picture. Though less consistent in the 1940s, his credits included Suspicion (1941) and Spellbound (1945). An extraordinary sequence began with Strangers on a Train (1951), followed by the classic thrillers Rear Window (1954), Vertigo (1958), North by Northwest (1959), and Psycho (1960).