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Torroja y Miret, Eduardo

Torroja y Miret, Eduardo (1899–1961). Spanish architect, engineer, and designer of concrete structures, including shells. His first large project was the Tempul aqueduct, Guadalete, Jerez de la Frontera, in which he used prestressed girders, and he made his name with the concrete shell-roof at the Algeciras Market Hall (1933) and the cantilevered grandstand roofs in the form of giant flutes at the Zarzuela Racecourse, near Madrid (1935). He also used steel with great élan, as at the roof of the Football Stadium, Barcelona (1943). He designed innovative structures in numerous parts of the world, including Morocco and Latin America. His books include The Philosophy of Structure (1951, 1958) and The Structures of Eduardo Torroja (1958).

Bibliography

Arredonda et al. (1977);
Bohigas (1970);
Bozal (1978);
J. Joedicke (1963);
Lampugnani (ed.) (1988);
M&N (1987);
Malave (1983a);
Torroja (1958, 1958a)

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Torroja y Miret, Eduardo

Eduardo Torroja y Miret (ā´dwär´ŧħō tō-rō´hä ē mērĕt´), 1900–1961, Spanish structural architect. With José Maria Aguirre he founded (1934) an experimental institute to develop new uses and theories for reinforced concrete. Examples of his building technique are the Algeciras market (1933), in which the shell construction spans a diameter of 156 ft (48 m), and the Madrid hippodrome (1935), featuring a 73-ft (22-m) cantilevered roof.

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