Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo

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Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo (lā´əpōl´dō käl´vō sōtĕl´ō), 1926–2008, Spanish engineer and political leader. A conservative, he held (1975–77) ministerial posts before becoming (1980) deputy prime minister for economic affairs. When Adolfo Suárez resigned as prime minister in 1981, he succeeded him; his installation was interrupted by an abortive coup in which the parliament was seized while in session. Under Calvo Sotelo, Spain joined NATO and continued its transition from the Franco dictatorship to full-fledged democracy. He resigned before the 1982 elections in which the Socialist party, led by Felipe González, was victorious.

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Spanish Prime Ministers

Years

Prime Minister

Party

UCD = Centre Democrat PSOE = Socialist Workers' Party

* Franco titled himself ‘Chairman of the Council of Ministers’ from 1936. After his death, the monarchy was restored, in the person of Juan Carlos.

1939–73

Francisco Franco*

Falange

1973–76

Carlos Navarro

――

1976–81

Adolfo Suárez

UCD

1981–82

Leopoldo Sotelo

UCD

1982–96

Felipe González

PSOE

1996–2004

José María Aznar

Popular

2004– 

José Luis RodrÍguez Zapatero

PSOE