Qaddafi, Muammar al-
Qaddafi, Muammar al- (1942– ) Libyan de facto head of state. In 1969, he led the coup that toppled King Idris I. As head of state, Qaddafi sought to remove all vestiges of Libya's colonial past. He shut down US and British bases, nationalized all petroleum assets, and encouraged a return to Islamic law. In 1983, Libya bombed the neighbouring state of Chad. Qaddafi supported a number of unsuccessful attempts to bring Libya into union with other Arab countries. He also lent assistance to various international terrorist groups. In 1986, the USA bombed Libya in an attempt to stop this aid. Qaddafi survived, but one of his children died. In 1999, he handed over for trial two Libyans suspected of the bombing of Pan-Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.
More From encyclopedia.com
Al-qaeda , Al-Qaeda (pronounced al KYE-dah; Arabic for “the base”) is a worldwide terrorist network of organizations and individuals dedicated to jihad (“strugg… Muhammad Ibn Abd Al-wahhab , Ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb, Muḥammad IBN ʿABD AL-WAHHĀB, MUḤAMMAD (ah 1115–1206/1703–1792 ce), Islamic fundamentalist teacher who established the Wahhābi mov… Hussein Ibn Mansur Al-hallaj , Al-Husayn ibn Mansur al-Hallaj Al-Husayn ibn Mansur al-Hallaj (857-922) was a Persian Moslem mystic and martyr. He reinforced ecstatic and pantheisti… Abd Ar-rahman I , Abd al-Rahman I (731-788) was emir of Islamic Spain from 756 to 788. Known as "the Immigrant," he established the rule of the Umayyad dynasty in the… Egyptian Islamic Jihad , Two groups have the name Islamic Jihad (sometimes called the Organization of the Islamic Jihad), one Egyptian, the other Palestinian. These two movem… Abu Hamid Muhammad Al-ghazali , Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali (1058-1111) was one of the foremost intellects of medieval…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like