Skip to main content
Select Source:

Stubbs, William

Stubbs, William (1829–1901). Bishop and historian. Stubbs was one of the last of the Victorian scholars who, like Macaulay, could pursue a separate career yet make a massive contribution to historical study. Born at Knaresborough, son of a solicitor, he remarked that under the shadow of the great castle, he could hardly fail to be interested in history. On graduating from Christ Church, Oxford, in 1848, he became a fellow of Trinity, Oxford, but in 1850 moved to a college living at Navestock in Essex. His private studies led to the regius chair of modern history at Oxford in 1866, which he held until 1883, when he became bishop of Chester, and from 1888 of Oxford. His Select Charters (1860) became prescribed reading for generations of undergraduates, he edited nineteen volumes of the Rolls series, and his Constitutional History appeared from 1873 to 1878. Though a devoted Tory and a high churchman, his historical approach was whiggish: of the English constitution he wrote that his aim was to trace ‘a distinct growth from a well-defined germ to full maturity’. Stubbs was severely taken to task by 20th-cent. historians for sentimentality towards Parliament as an institution. But by refusing to acknowledge the context in which he lived and worked, they convicted themselves of the very fault of which they complained so loudly.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Stubbs, William." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Stubbs, William." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stubbs-william

"Stubbs, William." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved April 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stubbs-william

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Stubbs, William

William Stubbs, 1825–1901, English historian, educated at Oxford. Ordained in 1850, he was a professor of modern history at Oxford until in 1884 he was made bishop of Chester. Stubbs's critical studies of source materials transformed the study of medieval history. His Constitutional History of England (3 vol., 1874–78) and Select Charters (1870, 9th ed. rev. by H. W. Davis, 1913) remain standard textbooks. Stubbs also edited many texts for the "Rolls Series" of medieval English chronicles.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Stubbs, William." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Stubbs, William." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 25, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stubbs-william

"Stubbs, William." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 25, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stubbs-william

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.