Flourished Seventh Century b.c.e.
Warrior Society . According to tradition Lycurgus founded Sparta’s political system, with its emphasis on military strength, a form of government that survived his rule for generations. Scholars speculate that Lycurgus created the highly militarized communal system following a Helot (slave) revolt. He apparently introduced all of Sparta’s laws and devised the two organs of government, the gerousia (council of elders and the two kings) and the apella (assembly). His military and political institutions resembled those of Crete.