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psychokinesis

psychokinesis, movement or deformation of a physical object by thought or willpower alone (i.e., without the application of physical force). Telekinesis (sometimes abbreviated TK), an older term for psychokinesis (sometimes abbreviated PK), was first used by the German-Russian psychical researcher Alexander Asakof about 1890. Henry Holt, an American publisher and author, coined the term psychokinesis in 1914 in his book On the Cosmic Relations; the American parapsychologist J. B. Rhine adopted the term in 1934 in conjunction with experiments to see if people could influence the outcome of falling dice. The term telekinesis, or teleportation, was initially applied to the motion of objects thought to be caused by ghosts or other supernatural beings. As evidence of fraudulent activities by mediums (for example, raising a table while tapping on its underside in a darkened seance room) accumulated, the term psychokinesis came into use to differentiate the "legitimate" PK environment from the fraudulent TK environment. At present, TK is now regarded as a special case of PK, that is, psychokinesis is used to describe a variety of paranormal phenomena (including movement at a distance) while telekinesis refers only to movement at a distance.

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Telekinesis

Telekinesis

A term denoting the claimed faculty of moving material objects without contact, presumably by psychic force. The movement of objects, without contact or with only limited contact was frequently observed in the séance room. Phenomena included rappings, table-turning, levitations, the conveyance of apports, and other material phenomena. Spiritualists believed these were caused by the intervention of discarnate spirits. Magnetists believed in the existence of some kind of fluidic or energetic emanation as the cause of such movements. Others, discounting those phenomena that were the result of fraud, suggested some form of telekinetic theory, which held that all these varied feats are accomplished by the thoughts of mediums and sitters, independent of muscular energy, whether direct or indirect.

The term has more recently been supplanted by psychokinesis or PK.

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Psychokinesis

Psychokinesis

The ability to move objects at a distance by mental power. The term has now largely displaced "telekinesis," formerly used by psychical researchers and Spiritualists. The term "psychokinesis" or "PK" was proposed by psychologist J. B. Rhine and his associates at the Psychology Department, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, in 1934 in relation to experiments with influencing the fall of dice by mental concentration.

Special terms have developed as the study of PK has expanded, such as: "PK-MT" (psychokinetic effect on moving targets, such as dice), "PK-LT" (influence on living target, such as plants, healing, influencing of animals), and "PK-ST" (influence on static targets). A "PK Placement Test" denotes a PK-MT experiment in which the subject attempts to influence falling objects to land in a designated area.

(See also movement )

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telekinesis

tel·e·ki·ne·sis / ˌteləkiˈnēsis/ • n. the supposed ability to move objects at a distance by mental power or other nonphysical means. DERIVATIVES: tel·e·ki·net·ic / -ˈnetik/ adj.

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psychokinesis

psy·cho·ki·ne·sis / ˌsīkōkəˈnēsis/ • n. the supposed ability to move objects by mental effort alone. DERIVATIVES: psy·cho·ki·net·ic / -ˈnetik/ adj.

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telekinesis

telekinesis: see psychokinesis.

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psychokinesis

psychokinesisglacis, Onassis •abscess •anaphylaxis, axis, praxis, taxis •Chalcis • Jancis • synapsis • catharsis •Frances, Francis •thesis • Alexis • amanuensis •prolepsis, sepsis, syllepsis •basis, oasis, stasis •amniocentesis, anamnesis, ascesis, catechesis, exegesis, mimesis, prosthesis, psychokinesis, telekinesis •ellipsis, paralipsis •Lachesis •analysis, catalysis, dialysis, paralysis, psychoanalysis •electrolysis • nemesis •genesis, parthenogenesis, pathogenesis •diaeresis (US dieresis) • metathesis •parenthesis •photosynthesis, synthesis •hypothesis, prothesis •crisis, Isis •proboscis • synopsis •apotheosis, chlorosis, cirrhosis, diagnosis, halitosis, hypnosis, kenosis, meiosis, metempsychosis, misdiagnosis, mononucleosis, myxomatosis, necrosis, neurosis, osmosis, osteoporosis, prognosis, psittacosis, psychosis, sclerosis, symbiosis, thrombosis, toxoplasmosis, trichinosis, tuberculosis •archdiocese, diocese, elephantiasis, psoriasis •anabasis • apodosis •emphasis, underemphasis •anamorphosis, metamorphosis •periphrasis • entasis • protasis •hypostasis, iconostasis

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telekinesis

telekinesisglacis, Onassis •abscess •anaphylaxis, axis, praxis, taxis •Chalcis • Jancis • synapsis • catharsis •Frances, Francis •thesis • Alexis • amanuensis •prolepsis, sepsis, syllepsis •basis, oasis, stasis •amniocentesis, anamnesis, ascesis, catechesis, exegesis, mimesis, prosthesis, psychokinesis, telekinesis •ellipsis, paralipsis •Lachesis •analysis, catalysis, dialysis, paralysis, psychoanalysis •electrolysis • nemesis •genesis, parthenogenesis, pathogenesis •diaeresis (US dieresis) • metathesis •parenthesis •photosynthesis, synthesis •hypothesis, prothesis •crisis, Isis •proboscis • synopsis •apotheosis, chlorosis, cirrhosis, diagnosis, halitosis, hypnosis, kenosis, meiosis, metempsychosis, misdiagnosis, mononucleosis, myxomatosis, necrosis, neurosis, osmosis, osteoporosis, prognosis, psittacosis, psychosis, sclerosis, symbiosis, thrombosis, toxoplasmosis, trichinosis, tuberculosis •archdiocese, diocese, elephantiasis, psoriasis •anabasis • apodosis •emphasis, underemphasis •anamorphosis, metamorphosis •periphrasis • entasis • protasis •hypostasis, iconostasis

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