Primary prevention generally involves the prevention of diseases and conditions before their biological onset. This can be done in a variety of ways, such as preventing environmental exposures, improving human resistance to disease, or education to diminish risk-taking behaviors. Thus, general environmental and sanitary measures, such as maintaining a safe water and food supply, promoting the use of condoms to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, supplemental restraint systems in automobiles ("airbags"), and application of safe and effective vaccines are examples of primary prevention, whereby diseases and injuries do not obtain a foothold in the body.
Robert B. Wallace
"Primary Prevention." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/primary-prevention
"Primary Prevention." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Retrieved September 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/primary-prevention
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.
"primary prevention." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/primary-prevention
"primary prevention." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved September 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/primary-prevention