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scherzo

scherzo (It., plural scherzi). Jest, joke. Name for a movt. in orch. mus., but the term was first applied in 17th cent. to vocal mus., e.g. Monteverdi's Scherzi musicali. Generally it is the 3rd (or 2nd) movt. of a sym. or str. qt., etc., the liveliest movt., usually but not necessarily the most light-hearted. It is the successor to the 18th-cent. minuet and trio, which was developed almost to scherzo pitch by Haydn. A movt. in S. Storace's 2nd pf. quintet (1784) is a scherzo. Beethoven was the real creator of the scherzo (as early as the Op.1 pf. trios), investing the movt. with a rough, almost savage humour, with marked rhythm, generally in 3/4 time. The contrasting section is known as the trio, but not all scherzos have trios. Chopin called 4 of his pf. works Scherzo, but they are marked more by vigour and intensity than by anything in the nature of a jest.

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scherzo

scherzo (skĕr´tsō) [Ital.,=joke], in music, term denoting various types of composition, primarily one that is lively and presents surprises in the rhythmic or melodic material. In 1607 a group of light pieces for voice were published by Monteverdi as scherzi musicali. In the symphonies and string quartets of Haydn the scherzo was a development of the minuet, and in Beethoven's works it replaced the minuet as the third movement of a work in sonata form. Mendelssohn gives the scherzo an airy grace, while the four piano scherzos of Chopin are works of boldness and strength.

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scherzo

scher·zo / ˈskertsō/ • n. (pl. -zos or -zi / -tsē/ ) Mus. a vigorous, light, or playful composition, typically comprising a movement in a symphony or sonata.

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scherzo

scherzobasso, El Paso, Picasso, Sargasso, Tasso •fatso, paparazzo, terrazzo •Brasso •espresso, gesso •intermezzo, mezzo •scherzo •peso, say-so •calypso, dipso •schizo • Mato Grosso • torso • also •amoroso, capriccioso, oloroso, so-so •Caruso, Robinson Crusoe, Rousseau, trousseau •so-and-so •Curaçao, curassow •Thurso, verso

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