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crumhorn

crumhorn (Old Eng. crump; Fr. cromorne; Ger. Krummhorn). Earliest and most common of Renaissance reed-cap instr., the name meaning ‘curved horn’. Characteristic shape is like a fishhook. Name first occurred in 1489 describing an org.-stop in Dresden, and this implied that the instr. had been in use for some time. Survived in Fr. until the middle of the 17th cent. Standard consort of crumhorns was alto (in G), 2 tens., and bass. Sop. crumhorn (stortina) was a rarity but occurs in music by Corteccia. Crumhorns had 7 finger-holes with 3 extension keys for low notes. With revival of interest in early music, crumhorns have been manufactured since the 1950s.

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crumhorn

crumhorn, J-shaped, double-reed musical instrument used throughout Europe from the 15th cent. through the 17th cent. It possesses a soft, reedy tone. The reed is enclosed by a wooden cap with a hole at the top through which the player blows. The cap serves as a wind chamber, which causes the reed to vibrate. The crumhorn is one of the ancestors of the oboe.

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crumhorn

crum·horn • n. variant spelling of krummhorn.

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