Sir Gawain

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Sir Gawain (gä´wān, –wĬn), one of the most popular heroes of Arthurian legend; nephew of King Arthur. He was regarded, particularly in the early romances, as the model of chivalry—pure, brave, and courteous. In later romances, when spiritual purity was valued more than chivalrous deeds, his character deteriorated, becoming treacherous and brutal. Gawain is most famous as the hero of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (see Pearl, The).

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Gawain in Arthurian legend, one of the knights of the Round Table who sought for the Holy Grail. He is Arthur's nephew, and is the hero of the medieval poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.

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Gawain. Opera in 2 acts by Birtwistle to lib. by David Harsent after Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (anon., 14th cent.). Comp. 1987–90, rev. 1994. Prod. London (CG) 1991.