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SYNTAX

SYNTAX. A term in general use and in LINGUISTICS for the study of the ways in which words combine into such units as PHRASE, CLAUSE, and SENTENCE. The sequences that result from the combinations are referred to in linguistics as syntactic structures. The ways in which components of words are combined into words are studied in MORPHOLOGY, and syntax and morphology together are generally regarded as the major constituents of grammar, although in one of its uses, grammar is strictly synonymous with syntax and excludes morphology. In models of language description that are divided into levels of analysis or components, the syntactic level or component is contrasted with the phonological and semantic levels or components. Syntactic descriptions do not usually go beyond the level of the sentence, though they may deal with relationships between sentences such as are signalled by a pronoun (it, them) or a conjunct (therefore). See LEVEL OF LANGUAGE, LINGUISTIC TYPOLOGY.

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syntax

syntax (syntax rules) The rules defining the legal sequences of symbolic elements in a language. The syntax rules define the form of the various constructs in the language, but say nothing about the meaning of these constructs. Examples of constructs are: expressions, procedures, and programs (in the case of programming languages) and terms, well-formed formulas, and sentences (in the case of logical languages). See also parsing, BNF, extended BNF.

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syntax

syn·tax / ˈsinˌtaks/ • n. the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language: the syntax of English. ∎  a set of rules for or an analysis of this: generative syntax. ∎  the branch of linguistics that deals with this.

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syntax

syntax †orderly arrangement of parts; (gram.) arrangement of words in their appropriate forms and order. XVII. — F. syntaxe or late L. syntaxis (adopted in Eng. XVI) — Gr. súntaxis, f. suntássein, f. SYN- + tássein arrange.
So syntactic XIX, syntactical XVI.

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syntax

syntax Branch of grammar that encompasses the body of rules governing the ways in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses and sentences in a language. Syntax also describes the structure of a sentence or of an utterance produced by a writer or speaker.

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syntax

syntax the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language. Recorded from the late 16th century, the word comes via French or late Latin from Greek suntaxis, from sun- ‘together’ + tassein ‘arrange’.

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Syntax

Syntax

a connected system or order; a union of things.

Examples : syntax of being, 1661; of phantasy or imagination, 1676.

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syntax

syntax: see grammar.

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syntax

syntaxaxe (US ax), Backs, Bax, fax, flax, lax, max, pax, Sachs, sax, saxe, tax, wax •co-ax • addax • Fairfax • Ceefax •Halifax • Telefax • Filofax • banjax •Ajax •pickaxe (US pickax) • gravlax •gravadlax • poleaxe • toadflax •parallax •battleaxe (US battleax) •minimax • climax • Betamax • anthrax •hyrax •borax, storax, thorax •syntax • surtax • beeswax • earwax •Berks, Lourenço Marques, Marks, Marx, Parks, Sparks •annex, convex, ex, flex, hex, perplex, Rex, sex, specs, Tex, Tex-Mex, vex •ibex • index • codex • tubifex •spinifex • pontifex • Telex • triplex •simplex • multiplex •ilex, silex •complex • duplex • circumflex • Amex •annexe • Kleenex • apex • Tipp-Ex •haruspex • perspex • Pyrex •Durex, Lurex, murex •Middlesex • unisex • Semtex • latex •cortex, Gore-tex, vortex •vertex • Jacques •breeks, idée fixe, maxixe, Weeks

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