pol·ish / ˈpälish/ • v. [tr.] make the surface of (something) smooth and shiny by rubbing it: she unloaded the dishwasher and polished the glasses. ∎ improve, refine, or add the finishing touches to: he's got to polish up his French for his job.• n. a substance used to give something a smooth and shiny surface when rubbed in: furniture polish. ∎ [in sing.] an act of rubbing something to give it a shiny surface: I could give the cabinet a polish. ∎ smoothness or glossiness produced by rubbing or friction: the machine refines the shape of the stone and gives it polish. ∎ refinement or elegance in a person or thing: his poetry has clarity and polish.PHRASAL VERBS: polish something off finish or consume something quickly: they polished off most of the sausages.DERIVATIVES: pol·ish·a·ble adj.pol·ish·er n.
Pol·ish / ˈpōlish/ • adj. of or relating to Poland, its inhabitants, or their language.• n. the West Slavic language of Poland.
Hence sb. XVI.