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1. A work of REFERENCE listing and explaining words: Henry G. Liddell & Robert Scott, Greek–English Lexicon (1843). A lexicon is usually a dictionary that deals either with a classical or scriptural language or a technical or facetious subject ( Jonathon Green, The Cynic's Lexicon: A Dictionary of Amoral Advice, 1984). It may also, however, be a word list ( Roland Hindmarsh, The Cambridge English Lexicon, 1980) or a thematic work of lexical reference ( Tom McArthur, The Longman Lexicon of Contemporary English, 1981).

2. A term in especially American LINGUISTICS for the VOCABULARY of a language or sub-language, consisting of its stock of LEXEMES.

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lex·i·con / ˈleksiˌkän; -kən/ • n. (pl. -cons or -ca / -kə/ ) 1. the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge: the size of the English lexicon. ∎  a dictionary, esp. of Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, or Arabic: a Greek–Latin lexicon. 2. Linguistics the complete set of meaningful units in a language.

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lexicon XVII. — modL. — Gr. lexikón, n. sg. of lexikós pert. to words, f. léxis phrase, word, f. légein speak; see LECTION.
So lexicographer, lexicography XVII.

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