castigate

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cas·ti·gate / ˈkastəˌgāt/ • v. [tr.] formal reprimand (someone) severely: he was castigated for not setting a good example. DERIVATIVES: cas·ti·ga·tion / ˌkastəˈgāshən/ n. cas·ti·ga·tor / -ˌgātər/ n. cas·ti·ga·to·ry / -gəˌtôrē/ adj.

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castigate correct by punishment or discipline. XVII. f. pp. stem of L. castīgāre correct, reprove, CHASTISE, f. castus pure, CHASTE; see -ATE 3.
So castigation XIV. — L.