der Blaue Reiter

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der Blaue Reiter (dĕr blou´ə rī´tər) [Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu. Following the Brücke artists of the previous decade, this second wave of expressionism was led by Kandinsky, Klee, Marc, and Macke, in Munich. Through the use of distorted forms and startling color, they sought to discover spiritual truths that they felt the impressionists had overlooked. Less united stylistically and as a group than the Brücke, their art ranged from the sometime pure abstractions of Kandinsky to the romantic imagery of Marc. In 1911, Kandinsky and Marc prepared a significant collection of articles and illustrations published as the Blaue Reiter Album. Common to the artists in the group was a philosophical spirit, an intellectual approach to technique, and great lyrical spontaneity. The group disbanded at the outbreak of World War I. Marc and Macke were killed in battle.

See study by H. K. Roethel (tr. 1972).

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Blaue Reiter, der Loosely organized group of German expressionist painters. Formed in 1911, it took its name from a picture by Wassily Kandinsky, one of the group's leading members. Other members included Paul Klee, August Macke, Alexei von Jawlensky, and Franz Marc. Influenced by cubism, Blaue Reiter was the most important manifestation of German modern art before World War I. The artists sought to express the struggle of inner impulses and a repressed spirituality, which they felt that Impressionism had overlooked. See also Expressionism