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rend·er / ˈrendər/ • v. [tr.] 1. provide (a service): money serves as a reward for services rendered. ∎  give (help): Mrs. Evans would render assistance to those she thought were in real need. ∎  submit or present for inspection or consideration: he would render income tax returns at the end of the year. ∎ poetic/lit. hand over: he will render up his immortal soul. ∎  deliver (a verdict or judgment): the jury's finding amounted to the clearest verdict yet rendered upon the scandal. 2. [tr.] cause to be or become; make: the rains rendered his escape impossible. 3. represent or depict artistically: the eyes and the cheeks are exceptionally well rendered. ∎  translate: the phrase was rendered into English. ∎ Mus. perform (a piece): a soprano solo reverently rendered by Linda Howie. ∎ Comput. process (an outline image) using color and shading in order to make it appear solid and three-dimensional. 4. melt down (fat): the fat was being cut up and rendered for lard. ∎  process (the carcass of an animal) in order to extract proteins, fats, and other usable parts: [as adj.] (rendered) the rendered down remains of sheep. 5. cover (stone or brick) with a coat of plaster: external walls will be rendered and tiled. • n. a first coat of plaster applied to a brick or stone surface. DERIVATIVES: ren·der·er n.

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renderbedder, cheddar, Edda, Enzedder, header, Kedah, shedder, shredder, spreader, tedder, threader, treader, Vedda •elder, Griselda, welder, Zelda •addenda, agenda, amender, ascender, attender, bender, blender, Brenda, contender, corrigenda, descender, engender, extender, fazenda, fender, gender, Glenda, Gwenda, hacienda, Länder, lender, mender, offender, pudenda, recommender, referenda, render, sender, slender, spender, splendour (US splendor), surrender, suspender, tender, Venda, weekender, Wenda •parascender • bartender •homesteader • newsvendor •spot-welder •abrader, Ada, blockader, crusader, dissuader, evader, fader, grader, Grenada, invader, masquerader, Nader, parader, persuader, raider, Rigveda, Seder, serenader, trader, upgrader, Veda, wader •attainder, remainder •rollerblader •Aïda, bleeder, Breda, breeder, cedar, conceder, corrida, Derrida, Elfreda, Etheldreda, feeder, follow-my-leader, interceder, interpleader, kneader, leader, Leda, Lieder, misleader, pleader, reader, seceder, seeder, speeder, stampeder, succeeder, weeder •fielder, midfielder, wielder, yielder •outfielder • bandleader • ringleader •cheerleader • copyreader •mind-reader • sight-reader •stockbreeder • proofreader •newsreader

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render, rendering.
1. Finish or finishing applied to a surface not intended to be exposed. The term was given historically to the first coat, the second the float, and the final the set. Common renders are with pebble-dash, plaster, and stucco.

2. Architectural drawing enlivened by water-colour washes and sciagraphy to make it more realistic.


Fraser Reekie (1946);
R. Gill (1991);
Nicholson (1835);
W. Papworth (1887)

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A. †repeat, recite XIV; give in return XV; give back; represent, reproduce XVI;

B. hand over, give up, surrender XIV; submit (an account, etc.) XV; give, pay XVI;

C. bring into a specified state XV;

D. melt XIV; give a first coating of plaster XVIII. — (O)F. rendre :- Rom. *rendere, alt. of L. reddere give back, give up, recite, represent, imitate, make to be or appear, f. RED- + dare give.

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Return; yield; pay or perform, as in charges or services.

To render judgment means to pronounce, declare, or state the decision of the court in a particular case. To render a verdict means that a jury agrees upon and returns a written decision into court and hands the decision to the judge sitting at the trial.