rend·er / ˈrendər/ • v. [tr.] 1. provide (a service): money serves as a reward for services rendered. ∎ give (help): Mrs. Evans would render assistance to those she thought were in real need. ∎ submit or present for inspection or consideration: he would render income tax returns at the end of the year. ∎ poetic/lit. hand over: he will render up his immortal soul. ∎ deliver (a verdict or judgment): the jury's finding amounted to the clearest verdict yet rendered upon the scandal. 2. [tr.] cause to be or become; make: the rains rendered his escape impossible. 3. represent or depict artistically: the eyes and the cheeks are exceptionally well rendered. ∎ translate: the phrase was rendered into English. ∎ Mus. perform (a piece): a soprano solo reverently rendered by Linda Howie. ∎ Comput. process (an outline image) using color and shading in order to make it appear solid and three-dimensional. 4. melt down (fat): the fat was being cut up and rendered for lard. ∎ process (the carcass of an animal) in order to extract proteins, fats, and other usable parts: [as adj.] (rendered) the rendered down remains of sheep. 5. cover (stone or brick) with a coat of plaster: external walls will be rendered and tiled. • n. a first coat of plaster applied to a brick or stone surface. DERIVATIVES: ren·der·er n.
1. Finish or finishing applied to a surface not intended to be exposed. The term was given historically to the first coat, the second the float, and the final the set. Common renders are with pebble-dash, plaster, and stucco.
2. Architectural drawing enlivened by water-colour washes and sciagraphy to make it more realistic.
Fraser Reekie (1946);
R. Gill (1991);
W. Papworth (1887)
A. †repeat, recite XIV; give in return XV; give back; represent, reproduce XVI;
B. hand over, give up, surrender XIV; submit (an account, etc.) XV; give, pay XVI;
C. bring into a specified state XV;
D. melt XIV; give a first coating of plaster XVIII. — (O)F. rendre :- Rom. *rendere, alt. of L. reddere give back, give up, recite, represent, imitate, make to be or appear, f. RED- + dare give.
Return; yield; pay or perform, as in charges or services.
To render judgment means to pronounce, declare, or state the decision of the court in a particular case. To render a verdict means that a jury agrees upon and returns a written decision into court and hands the decision to the judge sitting at the trial.