Rius (pen name of Eduardo del Río; b. 20 July 1934), Mexican comic-book writer and cartoonist. Eduardo del Río, more popularly known to millions of his readers by his pen name Rius, is the creator of the most explicitly political comic books and illustrated books in Mexico and perhaps in all of Latin America. As a young man he worked briefly as a cartoonist for the Mexico City newspaper Ovaciones, but was dismissed because of the controversial nature of his political cartoons. During the 1950s and early 1960s, he alternately was unemployed and worked for several Mexico City publications. He soon became known to his readers for his outspoken criticism of social customs and prominent political figures, including the Mexican president.
In 1966, Rius made the switch from cartoonist to comic-book writer with the creation of his first comic book, Los supermachos, for Editorial Meridiano. Unable to tolerate the censorship of his publisher, he abandoned that series. In 1968, Rius created a second comic book, Los agachados, which he continued to write and illustrate until 1977. Since the early 1970s he has also written and illustrated over thirty-five books.
Rius's overtly political criticism of Mexican institutions has frequently angered government officials, even to the point of threatening his life. Nonetheless, he has continued to issue sharply satirical attacks against some of Mexico's most sacrosanct beliefs and institutions: the Catholic Church, the Revolution, and machismo. Rius is an unabashed admirer of socialism and has devoted many comicbook issues and books to instructing his readers about its basic tenets.
Paula K. Speck, "Rius for Beginners: A Study in Comicbook Satire," in Studies in Latin American Popular Culture 1 (1982): 113-124.
Harold E. Hinds, Jr., and Charles M. Tatum, Not Just for Children: The Mexican Comic Book in the Late-1960s and 1970s (1992).
García Flores, Margarita. "Embalsamo vivos: Entrevista con Eduardo del Río (Ruis)." Entorno: Revista Cultural del la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, (Winter 1993): 30-31.
Proctor, Phyllis Ann Wiegand. Mexico's Supermachos: Satire and Social Revolution in Comics by Ruis. Austin: University of Texas, 1973.
"Rius (1934–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rius-1934
"Rius (1934–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rius-1934
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.