Mas Canosa, Jorge (1939–1997)
Mas Canosa, Jorge (1939–1997)
Jorge Mas Canosa was a Cuban exile in Miami, Florida, who became one of the most prominent opponents of Cuba's Communist regime under Fidel Castro. His organization, the Cuban American National Federation (CANF), founded in 1981 with support from the administration of President Ronald Reagan, became the most influential lobbying group on Cuban affairs. Sponsored by the U.S. government, CANF produced Radio Martí and TV Martí to provide alternative information and anti-Castro messages to the island. The Cuban government accused CANF of also financing terrorism to bring down Castro.
Mas and his organization were instrumental in crafting and passing the 1992 Cuba Democracy Act, which relaxed travel restrictions for academics but generally strengthened the U.S. trade embargo against Cuba. When Cuba shot down two unarmed, private planes operated by a Miami-based Cuban refugee support organization in 1996, Mas used the incident to push for passage of the Helms-Burton Act, which established penalties for foreign companies that did business with Castro's government. Moreover, the act required the U.S. Congress to meet stringent requirements to lift trade sanctions. The death of Mas, on November 23, 1997, weakened the Cuban exile community's opposition to the Castro government. In 2001 CANF split over tactics. Even though Cuban-Americans have become more ideologically diverse in the early twenty-first century, the laws that Mas helped pass still define U.S. policy toward Cuba's communist government.
See alsoCuba: Cuba Since 1959 .
Vargas Llosa, Alvaro. El exilio indomable: Historia de la disidencia cubana en el destierro. Madrid: Espasa, 1998.
"Mas Canosa, Jorge (1939–1997)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mas-canosa-jorge-1939-1997
"Mas Canosa, Jorge (1939–1997)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mas-canosa-jorge-1939-1997
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.