Skip to main content

Gazetas

Gazetas

Gazetas, newspapers published primarily from the 1760s on. Although the first gazeta appeared in New Spain in 1722 and a longer-lived successor lasted from 1728 to 1742, it was only in the late eighteenth century that these short newspapers, usually published on a biweekly or weekly basis, began to appear widely. Typically these later gazetas served as vehicles to present not only local news but also, and more important, enlightened thought and approaches to practical, everyday problems for the edification of their readers.

The best-known newspaper in Peru was the Mercurio Peruano, published from 1791 to 1795 as the expression of a group of self-styled "enlightened" intellectuals. Through the Mercurio, the supporters of progress tried to provide Peruvians with "useful knowledge" of their region and information relevant to their daily lives. Thus it published articles that, among other things, advocated burial outside churches for reasons of health, supported more efficient mining techniques, and analyzed the viceroyalty's commerce.

As in Peru, periodicals reached a broader audience in New Spain than did formal schooling. The foremost Mexican publicist was the cleric José Antonio Alzate y Ramírez (1729–1799), an enlightened advocate of scientific knowledge and its application to contemporary problems. His Gaceta de literatura de México (1788–1795) provided a stream of informative articles on medicine, applied science, agronomy, and a host of other scientific topics. A daily paper, Diario de México, originally edited by Carlos María Bustamante, appeared from 1805 to 1817.

In Guatemala the Gazeta de Guatemala (whose modern series began in 1797) reflected the curiosity of intellectuals in Guatemala City at the time. Published by Ignacio Beteta, the Gazeta sought to provide "useful knowledge" through articles on the economy, medicine, and commerce, and campaigned vigorously to end Latin's sway as the language of university instruction.

Newspapers also appeared in Havana, Bogotá, and Buenos Aires prior to 1808. After that date, the number of publications increased rapidly.

See alsoJournalism .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bailey W. Diffie, Latin-American Civilization: Colonial Period (1945; repr. 1967), pp. 553-561.

John Tate Lanning, The Eighteenth-Century Enlightenment in the University of San Carlos de Guatemala (1956), esp. pp. 83-91.

Additional Bibliography

Timoteo Álvarez, Jesús, Asención Martínez Riaza, and Enrique Ríos Vicente. Historia de la prensa hispanoamericana (1992).

                                   Mark A. Burkholder

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gazetas." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Gazetas." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gazetas

"Gazetas." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gazetas

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.