Floridablanca, Conde de (1728–1808)
Floridablanca, Conde de (1728–1808)
Conde de Floridablanca (b. 21 October 1728; d. 30 December 1808), secretary of state in Spain (1776–1792). As secretary of state, Floridablanca was a conservative reformer and devoted servant of absolutism. After 1776, when he was appointed fiscal (crown attorney), his power and influence over the king, Charles III, were unparalleled, and he was accused of ministerial despotism by his opponents. The outbreak of the French Revolution (1789) horrified Floridablanca, and he tried to prevent revolutionary ideas from entering Spain.
Floridablanca found it impossible to sanction his monarch's approval of Louis XVI's acceptance of the French Constitution. His inability to compromise on this issue resulted in his dismissal from office on 28 February 1792. Retirement in Murcia was interrupted by arrest and confinement to a fortress in Pamplona while his enemies investigated him for abusing his former powerful position.
In 1794 Manuel de Godoy, Charles IV's minister, released Floridablanca and allowed him to return to Murcia. He was recalled to government service as president of the central junta meeting at Aranjuez (1808) but died shortly after the group fled to Seville in the wake of the Napoleonic invasion of Spain.
Cayetano Alcázar Molina, El Conde de Floridablanca: Su vida y su obra (1934).
A. Ferrer Del Río, ed., Obras originales del conde de Floridablanca, y escritos referentes a su persona (1952).
Richard Herr, The Eighteenth-Century Revolution in Spain (1958), esp. pp. 239-268.
Antonio Rumeu De Armas, El testamento político del conde de Floridablanca (1962).
Sánchez-Blanco, Francisco. El absolutismo y las luces en el reinado de Carlos III. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2002.
Suzanne Hiles Burkholder
"Floridablanca, Conde de (1728–1808)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 26, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/floridablanca-conde-de-1728-1808
"Floridablanca, Conde de (1728–1808)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved March 26, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/floridablanca-conde-de-1728-1808
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.