Effective Suffrage, No Reelection

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Effective Suffrage, No Reelection

No Reelection Effective Suffrage, a slogan (sufragio efectivo, no reelección in Spanish) characterizing much of the philosophy of the political movement in Mexico that led to the overthrow of long-time president and dictator Porfirio Díaz (1876–1880, 1884–1911) and marked the beginning of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. The idea of a free vote with no possibility of reelection was most thoroughly explored in revolutionary leader Francisco I. Madero's (1873–1913) book, La sucesión presidencial de 1910 (1908), written in reaction to Díaz's multiple reelections to the presidency through largely fraudulent means. Madero also named his anti-Díaz political party the Anti-Reelectionist Party. No reelection, as opposed to effective suffrage, became a principle of the postrevolutionary political system, enshrined in the Constitution of 1917. It was breached only once, in the 1920s, when Alvaro Obregón (1880–1928) maneuvered to have himself chosen president a second time.

See alsoMadero, Francisco Indalecio; Mexico, Constitutions: Constitution of 1917; Mexico, Wars and Revolutions: Mexican Revolution.


Charles C. Cumberland, Mexican Revolution: Genesis Under Madero (1952), pp. 55-61.

Stanley R. Ross, Francisco I. Madero: Apostle of Mexican Democracy (1955), pp. 50-64.

Additional Bibliography

Katz, Friedrich. De Díaz a Madero. México, D.F.: Ediciones Era, 2004.

                                      David G. LaFrance