surname

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sur·name / ˈsərˌnām/ • n. a hereditary name common to all members of a family, as distinct from a given name. ∎ archaic a name, title, or epithet added to a person's name, esp. one indicating their birthplace or a particular quality or achievement: by his successes there, he acquired the surname of “the African.” • v. [tr.] (usu. be surnamed) give a surname to: Eddie Penham, so aptly surnamed, had produced a hand-painted sign for us.