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Hampton Roads Conference

HAMPTON ROADS CONFERENCE

HAMPTON ROADS CONFERENCE. In February 1865, Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens, representing the Richmond government, met with President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State William Seward on the River Queen in Hampton Roads, Virginia, to discuss terms of peace. Lincoln offered peace on the basis of (1) reunion, (2) emancipation, and (3) the disbanding of Confederate troops, with a personal promise of sympathetic treatment. The Confederate representatives were not empowered to accept any terms except independence, and the conference adjourned without further agreement. In April, Richmond fell to the Union army, and, by May, the final Confederate armies in the field had surrendered.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Thomas, Emory M. The Confederate Nation: 1861–1865. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.

James ElliottWalmsley/a. g.

See alsoCivil War ; Confederate States of America ; Emancipation Proclamation ; Peace Movement of 1864 ; Unconditional Surrender .

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Hampton Roads Peace Conference

Hampton Roads Peace Conference, meeting held on Feb. 3, 1865, on board the Union transport River Queen in Hampton Roads, Va., with the object of ending the Civil War. President Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward represented the Union, and A. H. Stephens, R. M. T. Hunter, and J. A. Campbell, the Confederacy. The meeting was brought about through the efforts of Francis P. Blair (1791–1876). Unofficially, but with Lincoln's knowledge, Blair had discussed the possibility with Jefferson Davis of restoring peace through a united opposition to European intervention in Mexico. Lincoln's terms—reunion, acceptance of emancipation, immediate cessation of hostilities, and the disbanding of all Confederate forces—proved unacceptable to the South, and the conference failed.

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Hampton Roads Peace Conference

Hampton Roads Peace Conference (February 1865) Abortive peace conference during the American Civil War. Abraham Lincoln and Confederate vice president Alexander H. Stephens met in Hampton Roads, Virginia. The talks failed with the Confederate states declining to rejoin the Union.

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