The ‘father of the music-hall’ was Charles Morton, who opened the Canterbury at Lambeth in 1851 and transferred to the Oxford in 1861. By 1875 there were more than 300 music-halls in London and they were well established in the larger provincial towns: indeed, the Star at Bolton in 1832 has some claim to have been the first music-hall. They produced their own stars. Dan Leno's career began in the 1860s almost as soon as he could walk, and he died in 1904 at the age of 43. Marie Lloyd made her début at the Eagle in 1885 with a repertoire that included ‘The boy I love is up in the gallery’. She too burned out and died relatively young in 1922. The careers of Harry Lauder and Gracie Fields were taking off as Leno's came to an end. The final blow to the music-hall tradition came with the spread of television in the 1950s, though The Good Old Days, from Leeds, had a long nostalgic run as a TV programme in the 1970s.
J. A. Cannon
"music-halls." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/music-halls
"music-halls." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/music-halls
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