Southern Commercial Conventions
SOUTHERN COMMERCIAL CONVENTIONS
SOUTHERN COMMERCIAL CONVENTIONS were convocations in the mid-nineteenth century intended to promote the economic development of the South. The most notable gatherings were the sessions of the so-called Southern Commercial Convention, which met between December 1852 and May 1859. The South was not keeping pace with the North in either population or economic development, which gave the free states an advantage in the struggle over slavery. Although the earlier convention sessions were representative of all of the South and all shades of opinion, as the convention failed to produce results, moderate men ceased to attend. Secessionists of the Lower South came to dominate the sessions and promoted Southern sectionalism.
Johnson, Vicki Vaugh. The Men and the Vision of the Southern Commercial Conventions, 1845–1871. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1992.
"Southern Commercial Conventions." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/southern-commercial-conventions
"Southern Commercial Conventions." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved February 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/southern-commercial-conventions
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.