OLNEY-PAUNCEFOTE TREATY. The Olney-Pauncefote Treaty was an accord resulting from Anglo-American arbitration. It was drafted primarily by Secretary of State Richard Olney and Sir Julian Pauncefote, British ambassador to the United States. The United States and the United Kingdom had considered such a treaty for some years when, in January 1896, the British prime minister, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Lord Salisbury, suggested it anew. Salisbury proposed one of limited terms whereas Olney believed in giving arbitration the greatest possible scope and in making the awards securely binding. The treaty he and Pauncefote drew up during 1896 made pecuniary and most other nonterritorialdisputes completely arbitrable. Territorial disputes and any "disputed questions of principle of grave importance" were arbitrable subject to an appeal to a court of six, and if more than one of the six dissented, the award was not to be binding. Parliament promptly ratified the treaty. President Grover Cleveland sent it to the Senate on 11 January 1897 with his strong approval, but it remained suspended until the Republican administration came into office. Then, although President William McKinley and Secretary of State John Hay earnestly supported it, ratification failed.
Bentley, Michael. Lord Salisbury's World: Conservative Environments in Late-Victorian Britain. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Wright, L. R. Julian Pauncefote and British Imperial Policy, 1855– 1889. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2002.
"Olney-Pauncefote Treaty." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/olney-pauncefote-treaty
"Olney-Pauncefote Treaty." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/olney-pauncefote-treaty
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.