Brundtland, Gro Norwegian Prime Minister and Environmentalist (1939–)
NORWEGIAN PRIME MINISTER AND ENVIRONMENTALIST (1939–)
In her life, Gro Harlem Brundtland has served society in three distinct capacities—as a medical doctor, a politician, and an environmentalist. She initially worked as a physician and then moved into the political arena as an environmental minister in the Norwegian government. Her success in this capacity led to her election as Norway's first female prime minister and influence on international treaties and conferences.
After attending medical school, Brundtland took a job with the city of Oslo as assistant medical director at the Board of Health. The opportunity to further evolve professionally came in 1974 when she joined the Norwegian cabinet as the ruling Labor Party's new environmental minister. As environmental issues grew to play a larger role in the Norwegian political arena, Brundtland's power base expanded. Her concern for the environment made her increasingly popular with many Norwegians.
That popularity led to Brundtland's election as the prime minister of Norway in 1981. She became the country's first female prime minister and, at age 42, the youngest person to ever hold that office. Although her first term as the leader of Norway was frustrating and lasted only one year, Brundtland remained the leader of the country's Labor Party, and in 1986 she was reelected prime minister.
In between, her leadership skills landed her an opportunity to conduct one of the most intensive studies on the future of the global environment ever undertaken. Called the World Commission on Environment and Development, this United Nations commission in the 1980s focused on solving the problems of poverty without destroying or severely depleting the world's natural resources.
Ultimately, the commission created a report, titled Our Common Future. Because of Brundtland's leadership in preparing it, the document also became known as The Brundtland Report. "The time has come for a marriage of economy and ecology so that governments and their people can take responsibility not just for environmental damage, but for the policies that cause the damage," the commission stated in its report. Brundtland's leadership on this United Nations effort helped cement her role as a leading voice in the evolving global concern for the environment.
In 1998 Brundtland took office as the Director General of the World Health Organization, a position she still held in 2002.
see also Earth Summit; MontrÉal Protocol; Treaties and Conferences.
gibbs, nancy. (1989). "norway's radical daughter." time, september 25.
world commission on the environment and development. (1987). our common future. oxford: oxford university press.
"Brundtland, Gro Norwegian Prime Minister and Environmentalist (1939–)." Pollution A to Z. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Feb. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Brundtland, Gro Norwegian Prime Minister and Environmentalist (1939–)." Pollution A to Z. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/educational-magazines/brundtland-gro-norwegian-prime-minister-and-environmentalist-1939
"Brundtland, Gro Norwegian Prime Minister and Environmentalist (1939–)." Pollution A to Z. . Retrieved February 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/educational-magazines/brundtland-gro-norwegian-prime-minister-and-environmentalist-1939
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.