Skip to main content

Health Maintenance


Health maintenance is a guiding principle in health care that emphasizes health promotion and disease prevention rather than the management of symptoms and illness. It includes the full array of counseling, screening, and other preventive services designed to minimize the risk of premature sickness and death and to assure optimal physical, mental, and emotional health throughout the natural life cycle. The organization of medical care to encourage health maintenance includes removing financial, physical, and psychological barriers to obtaining health promotion and disease prevention services in clinical settings; the use of media to deliver health education messages; and advocacy of health policies that reduce the risk of injury; that reduce exposure to toxins in the water, air, and workplace; and that ensure the availability of recreational facilities.

Robert S. Lawrence

(see also: Health Maintenance Organization [HMO] )

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Health Maintenance." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . 5 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Health Maintenance." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . (April 5, 2019).

"Health Maintenance." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Retrieved April 05, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.