Skip to main content

Wright, John Lloyd

Wright, John Lloyd (1892–1973). American architect, son of Frank Lloyd Lincoln Wright. He trained in his father's studio at Oak Park, Chicago, IL, and designed an early reinforced-concrete structure, the Golden West Hotel, San Diego, CA (1912). His Woods House, Escondido, Calif. (1912), was a version of his father's Prairie House designed for the Ladies' Home Journal (1901). He assisted his father during the building of the Imperial Hotel, Tokyo (1915–22). Established in his own practice by 1926, he designed several buildings in which aspects of Art Deco and Expressionism were well to the fore. From 1945 he developed some of the ideas in his father's Usonian houses (e.g. Compton House, La Jolla, CA (1948) ), and published (1952) some thoughts on the nature of ornament, derived from lichens. In 1920 he designed the well-known Lincoln Logs, a children's toy, and in 1949 the first of his Wright Blocks, inspired by his father's enthusiasm when a child for building-block toys.


JAIA, xviii (Oct. 1952), 187–8;
H&H, i (1952), 136–7;
Long (1996);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
PSR, vii/2 (1970), 16–19;
Jane Turner (1996)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Wright, John Lloyd." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 17 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Wright, John Lloyd." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 17, 2019).

"Wright, John Lloyd." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.