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Wright, John Lloyd

Wright, John Lloyd (1892–1973). American architect, son of Frank Lloyd Lincoln Wright. He trained in his father's studio at Oak Park, Chicago, IL, and designed an early reinforced-concrete structure, the Golden West Hotel, San Diego, CA (1912). His Woods House, Escondido, Calif. (1912), was a version of his father's Prairie House designed for the Ladies' Home Journal (1901). He assisted his father during the building of the Imperial Hotel, Tokyo (1915–22). Established in his own practice by 1926, he designed several buildings in which aspects of Art Deco and Expressionism were well to the fore. From 1945 he developed some of the ideas in his father's Usonian houses (e.g. Compton House, La Jolla, CA (1948) ), and published (1952) some thoughts on the nature of ornament, derived from lichens. In 1920 he designed the well-known Lincoln Logs, a children's toy, and in 1949 the first of his Wright Blocks, inspired by his father's enthusiasm when a child for building-block toys.

Bibliography

JAIA, xviii (Oct. 1952), 187–8;
H&H, i (1952), 136–7;
Long (1996);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
PSR, vii/2 (1970), 16–19;
Jane Turner (1996)

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